Relationship Between Individual Health Beliefs and Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Physical Activity Among Cancer Survivors: Results from the Health Information National Trends Survey

Meghan B. Skiba, Elizabeth T. Jacobs, Tracy E. Crane, Lisa M Kopp, Cynthia A Thomson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe diet and physical activity (PA) behaviors and health beliefs among cancer survivors and identify potential differences between adolescent and young adult (AYA) and adult/older cancer survivors. Methods: Cancer survivors (n = 1864) participating in the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) provided responses regarding diet and PA and selected health beliefs related to general health and cancer (self-efficacy, attitudinal belief, normative belief, risk belief, intention, and self-regulation). Health belief associations with diet and PA were assessed using adjusted logistic regression models, and multiple linear regression was used for a computed Modified American Cancer Society Adherence score (0-10, higher score indicates higher adherence to recommendations); age at diagnosis was evaluated as a potential effect modifier. Results: Health behaviors between AYA and adult/older were not significantly different; a greater percent of AYA met fruit and resistance PA recommendations. Higher health self-efficacy was associated with meeting aerobic PA recommendations (odds ratio [OR]: 1.71; confidence interval [95% CI]: 1.13-2.60; p = 0.01). Higher intention was inversely related to meeting vegetable recommendation (OR: 0.58; 95% CI: 0.35-0.97; p = 0.04). Self-regulation was associated with higher odds of meeting each recommendation. Self-efficacy and self-regulation were associated with greater adherence (β = 0.52 ± 0.16, p = 0.001; β = 1.21 ± 0.24, p < 0.0001, respectively). Age at diagnosis was not an effect modifier. Conclusion: Health behaviors and beliefs among AYA and adult/older are similar. Self-efficacy and self-regulation through engagement with a mobile app support adoption of diet and PA recommendations among HINTS respondents. Future interventions should consider mechanisms to promote self-efficacy and self-regulation to maximize diet and PA behaviors in cancer survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-267
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2022

Keywords

  • adolescent young adult
  • aging
  • cancer survivorship
  • diet
  • health beliefs
  • mobile app
  • physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Oncology

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