Relationship Between Duration of Tube Feeding and Success of Oral Feeding in Preterm Infants

Thao T. Griffith, Aleeca F. Bell, Rosemary White-Traut, Barbara Medoff-Cooper, Kristin Rankin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Primary: to identify the potential relationship between duration of tube feeding and success of oral feeding in preterm infants; secondary: to identify the potential relationships among duration of tube feeding and alert behavioral states, orally directed behaviors, and nutritive sucking. Design: A descriptive correlational study. Setting: A Level III NICU at an inner-city hospital. Participants: Twenty-eight preterm infants who were born between 28 and 32 weeks gestational age, were clinically stable, and were expected to have at least 1 week of tube feeding during their initial hospitalizations. Methods: Data were collected daily from participants’ electronic medical records and at one-time oral feeding evaluations within 48 hours after the removal of the feeding tube. Results: We found a significant negative correlation between duration of tube feeding and oral feeding success (p =.000). We found no correlations between duration of tube feeding and alert behavioral states, orally directed behaviors, or nutritive sucking. Conclusion: Although the duration of tube feeding is a nonmodifiable factor, preterm infants who are anticipated to have extended durations of tube feeding may be at risk for delayed oral feeding success.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)620-631
Number of pages12
JournalJOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing
Volume47
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • behavioral states
  • nutritive sucking
  • oral feeding success
  • orally directed behaviors
  • preterm infants
  • tube feeding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics
  • Critical Care
  • Maternity and Midwifery

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