Relationship among sleep, work features, and SARS-cov-2 vaccine antibody response in hospital workers

Riva Tauman, Oryan Henig, Eliot Rosenberg, Or Marudi, Talia M. Dunietz, Michael A. Grandner, Avishay Spitzer, David Zeltser, Michal Mizrahi, Eli Sprecher, Ronen Ben-Ami, Hanoch Goldshmidt, Ilana Goldiner, Esther Saiag, Yoel Angel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Study objectives: Immunity is influenced by sleep and the circadian rhythm. Healthcare workers are predisposed to both insufficient sleep and circadian disruption. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between sleep and work characteristics and the antibody response to the mRNA SARS-CoV-2 vaccine BNT162b2. Methods: The authors' prospective cohort study (“COVI3”) evaluated the effect of a third (booster) dose of the BNT162b2 vaccine. A subset of participants provided information on anthropometric measures, sleep, stress and work characteristics including shift work and number of work hours per week. Blood samples for anti-S1-RBD IgG antibody levels were obtained 21 weeks following receipt of the third dose of the vaccine. Results: In total, 201 healthcare workers (73% women) were included. After adjustment for age, body mass index (BMI), shift work, smoking status, and perceived stress, short sleep duration (<7 h per night) was associated with lower anti-S1-RBD IgG levels (Odds ratio 2.36 [95% confidence interval 1.08–5.13]). Participants who performed shift work had higher odds of lower anti-S1-RBD IgG levels compared to those who did not work in shifts [odds ratio = 2.99 (95% confidence interval 1.40, 6.39)] after accounting for age, short sleep duration, BMI, smoking status and perceived stress. Conclusions: Shift work and self-reported short sleep duration were associated with a lower antibody response following a booster dose of the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine. These findings suggest that the efficacy of vaccination, particularly among healthcare workers, may be augmented by addressing both sleep and circadian alignment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-95
Number of pages6
JournalSleep Medicine
StatePublished - Apr 2024


  • Antibody
  • Immunization
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Shift work
  • Sleep curtailment
  • Vaccination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Relationship among sleep, work features, and SARS-cov-2 vaccine antibody response in hospital workers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this