Regulation of fundic and antral somatostatin secretion by CCK and gastrin

Yana Zavros, William R. Fleming, Kenneth J. Hardy, Arthur Shulkes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

CCK and gastrin stimulate somatostatin (SOM) secretion and thus modulate their direct effects on the parietal cell. Although SOM is stored in D cells of the fundus and antrum, the nature of the cell type differs, and it is not known whether both regions respond to the stimulatory effects of CCK and gastrin. The objectives of the present study were to determine the separate effects of CCK and gastrin on fundic and antral SOM secretion and to assess the type of receptor involved, using CCK-A (L-364,718) and CCK-B/gastrin (L- 365,260) receptor antagonists. Changes in SOM were measured in plasma collected from cannulas draining blood from the fundus (gastric vein) and antrum (gastroepiploic vein) in anesthetized sheep. Both CCK and gastrin significantly stimulated SOM from the fundus and antrum. Sulfated CCK-8 (CCK- 8S) increased SOM secretion from the fundus and antrum through interaction with both type A and B receptors. In contrast to CCK-8S, sulfated gastrin-17 (G-17S) stimulated SOM from the fundus via the type B receptor alone, whereas in the antrum G-17S stimulated SOM secretion independent of the A and B receptors. Histamine mediated, at least in part, the SOM-stimulatory effects; an H2-receptor antagonist blocked CCK-stimulated SOM secretion in both the fundus and antrum and reduced gastrin-stimulated SOM secretion in the fundus. The present study demonstrates regionally distinct regulatory mechanisms for gastric SOM secretion by CCK and gastrin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)G742-G750
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume274
Issue number4 37-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cholecystokinin-A receptor
  • Cholecystokinin-B/gastrin receptor
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Sheep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Regulation of fundic and antral somatostatin secretion by CCK and gastrin'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this