Regional Trade Agreements

David A. Gantz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


The term 'regional trade agreements' (RTAs) primarily covers comprehensive free trade agreements (FTAs), such as NAFTA, and customs unions such as the EU or MERCOSUR, which meet the requirements of Article XXIV GATT 1994. This article focuses on Article XXIV GATT 1994 and raises a broad range of issues, including economic, political, strategic, security, and international and national legal process considerations. It further considers the debate over RTAs versus the global (GATT/WTO) system. It discusses the legal relationships of RTAs to the WTO system. It mentions possible conflicts and addresses scope issues arising between WTO and RTA obligations and among dispute resolution fora. It provides some concluding remarks that conflicts between RTAs and the WTO covered agreements and among dispute settlement systems will increase over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of International Trade Law
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780191743764
ISBN (Print)9780199231928
StatePublished - Sep 18 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Article XXIV GATT 1994
  • Dispute settlement
  • Global system
  • Regional trade agreements
  • WTO system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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