Regional and segmental localization of AE2 anion exchanger mRNA and protein in rat kidney

F. C. Brosius, K. Nguyen, A. K. Stuart-Tilley, C. Haller, J. P. Briggs, S. L. Alper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chloride/base exchange activity has been detected in every mammalian nephron segment in which it has been sought. However, in contrast to the Cl- /HCO3/- exchanger AE1 in type A intercalated cells, localization of AE2 within the kidney has not been reported. We therefore studied AE2 expression in rat kidney. AE2 mRNA was present in cortex, outer medulla, and inner medulla. Semiquantitative polymerase chain reaction of cDNA from microdissected tubules revealed AE2 cDNA levels as follows [copies of cDNA derived per mm tubule (±SE)]: proximal convoluted tubule, 688 ± 161; proximal straight tubule, 652 ± 189; medullary thick ascending limb, 1,378 ± 226; cortical thick ascending limb, 741 ± 24; cortical collecting duct, 909 ± 71; and outer medullary collecting duct, 579 ± 132. AE2 cDNA was also amplified in thin limbs and in inner medullary collecting duct. AE2 polypeptide was detected in all kidney regions. AE2 mRNA and protein were also detected in several renal cell lines. The data are compatible with the postulated roles of AE2 in maintenance of intracellular pH and chloride concentration and with its possible participation in transepithelial transport.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F461-F468
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology
Volume269
Issue number4 38-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Northern blot
  • antibody
  • band 3
  • cell lines
  • chloride/bicarbonate exchange
  • immunoblot
  • microdissection
  • polymerase chain reaction
  • recombinant deoxyribonucleic acid
  • reverse transcriptase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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