Reference electrode placement and seals in electrochemical oxygen generators

S. B. Adler, B. T. Henderson, M. A. Wilson, D. M. Taylor, R. E. Richards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

147 Scopus citations


We report measurements and numerical calculations of the potential distribution within a thin solid electrolyte near active (current-bearing) electrodes. These studies demonstrate two principles: (1) In a flat-plate geometry, the electrolyte is approximately equipotential beyond a distance of about three electrolyte thicknesses from the edge of the active electrodes. (2) If one of the active electrodes on one side of the electrolyte extends beyond the other, it strongly biases the potential of the electrolyte far from the active region. We show that these effects make it challenging to measure electrode overpotential accurately on thin cells. However, we also show that these effects can be useful for protecting glass-ceramic seals in an oxygen generator stack against electrochemical degradation/delamination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-42
Number of pages8
JournalSolid State Ionics
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Oct 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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