Redshift-distance survey of early-type galaxies. II. The D n-σ relation

M. Bernardi, M. V. Alonso, L. N. Da Costa, C. N.A. Willmer, G. Wegner, P. S. Pellegrini, C. Rité, M. A.G. Maia

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

R-band photometric and velocity dispersion measurements for a sample of 452 elliptical and S0 galaxies in 28 clusters are used to construct a template Dn-σ relation. This template relation is constructed by combining the data from the 28 clusters, under the assumption that galaxies in different clusters have similar properties. The photometric and spectroscopic data used consist of new as well as published measurements, converted to a common system, as presented in an accompanying paper. The resulting direct relation, corrected for incompleteness bias, is log Dn = 1.203 log σ + 1.406; the zero point has been defined by requiring distant clusters to be at rest relative to the cosmic microwave background. This zero point is consistent with the value obtained by using the distance to Virgo as determined by the Cepheid period-luminosity relation. This new Dn-σ relation leads to a peculiar velocity of -72 ± 189 km s-1 for the Coma Cluster. The scatter in the distance relation corresponds to a distance error of about 20%, comparable to the values obtained for the fundamental plane relation. Correlations between the scatter and residuals of the Dn-σ relation with other parameters that characterize the cluster and/or the galaxy stellar population are also analyzed. The direct and inverse relations presented here have been used in recent studies of the peculiar velocity field mapped by the ENEAR all-sky sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2159-2182
Number of pages24
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume123
Issue number5 1757
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cosmology: observations
  • Galaxies: clusters: general
  • Large-scale structure of universe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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