Recyclable regeneration of NiO/NaF catalyst: Hydrogen evolution via steam reforming of oxygen-containing volatile organic compounds

Yan Ding, Yi Cai, Peiwen Li, Sasa Gu, Shixing Song, Jie Guan, Yuesong Shen, Yuchen Han, Weiyi He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Regenerable NiO/NaF catalysts break the limitation that catalyst with low specific surface area is difficult to obtain high catalytic activity. In this paper, we investigated the feasibility and universal applicability of hydrogen evolution from different oxygen-containing volatile organic compounds (OVOCs) such as methanol, formaldehyde, formic acid, ethanol, acetic acid, acetone and ethyl acetate steam reforming over NiO/NaF catalysts. The reaction processes and catalytic mechanism of OVOCs steam reforming by 4 wt%NiO/NaF catalyst were analyzed by FESEM, H2-TPR, in situ DRIFTS, XRD characterization and Density functional theory (DFT) calculation. The results showed that different OVOCs could achieve high-efficiency hydrogen production in steam reforming over 4 wt%NiO/NaF catalyst. The order of conversion easiness was formic acid > formaldehyde > methanol > acetic acid > ethanol > acetone > ethyl acetate. Single-carbon organics such as formic acid, formaldehyde and methanol, had H2 selectivity exceeding 100% at 350, 450 and 500 °C, respectively. The effective reforming temperature rose with the increasing of carbon contents of reactants. Further investigation confirmed that hydrogen production from different OVOCs steam reforming over 4 wt%NiO/NaF catalyst was a rapid surface reaction. And NaF played a key role, which not only promoted the adsorption of the catalyst to the reactants, but also generated local electric field induced by F- ion that weakened the Ni-O bond and reduced the activation energy. As a result, NiO/NaF had better low-temperature redox properties and hydrogen evolution performance than other nickel-based catalysts with big specific surface area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number115456
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
StatePublished - Apr 15 2022


  • Catalytic mechanism
  • Hydrogen evolution
  • Oxygen-containing volatile organic compounds
  • Regenerable NiO/NaF
  • Steam reforming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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