Recommendations for measuring pulmonary nodules at CT: A statement from the Fleischner society

Alexander A. Bankier, Heber MacMahon, Jin Mo Goo, Geoffrey D. Rubin, Cornelia M. Schaefer-Prokop, David P. Naidich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

219 Scopus citations


These recommendations for measuring pulmonary nodules at computed tomography (CT) are a statement from the Fleischner Society and, as such, incorporate the opinions of a multidisciplinary international group of thoracic radiologists, pulmonologists, surgeons, pathologists, and other specialists. The recommendations address nodule size measurements at CT, which is a topic of importance, given that all available guidelines for nodule management are essentially based on nodule size or changes thereof. The recommendations are organized according to practical questions that commonly arise when nodules are measured in routine clinical practice and are, together with their answers, summarized in a table. The recommendations include technical requirements for accurate nodule measurement, directions on how to accurately measure the size of nodules at the workstation, and directions on how to report nodule size and changes in size. The recommendations are designed to provide practical advice based on the available evidence from the literature; however, areas of uncertainty are also discussed, and topics needing future research are highlighted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)584-600
Number of pages17
Issue number2
StatePublished - Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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