Reaching Populations to Address Disparities in Cancer Care Delivery: Results From a Six-Site Initiative

Noël Arring, Christopher R. Friese, Bidisha Ghosh, Marita Titler, Heidi Hamann, Sanja Percac-Lima, Adrian Sandra Dobs, Michelle J. Naughton, Pooja Mishra, Melissa A. Simon, Bingxin Chen, Electra D. Paskett, Robert J. Ploutz-Snyder, Martha Quinn, Debra L. Barton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Large segments of the US population do not receive quality cancer care due to pervasive and systemic inequities, which can increase morbidity and mortality. Multicomponent, multilevel interventions can address inequities and improve care, but only if they reach communities with suboptimal access. Intervention studies often underenroll individuals from historically excluded groups. Methods: The Alliance to Advance Patient-Centered Cancer Care includes 6 grantees across the United States who implemented unique multicomponent, multilevel intervention programs with common goals of reducing disparities, increasing engagement, and improving the quality of care for targeted populations. The Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework informed the evaluation efforts across sites. Each Alliance site identified their intended populations, which included underrepresented minorities (eg, Black and Latinx persons), individuals who prefer a language other than English, and rural residents. We evaluated the demographic characteristics of participants to determine program reach. Results: Between 2018 and 2020, a total of 2,390 of 5,309 potentially eligible participants were enrolled across the 6 sites. The proportion of enrolled individuals with selected characteristics included 38% (n5908) Black adults, 24% (n5574) Latinx adults, 19% (n5454) preferring a language other than English, and 30% (n5717) rural residents. The proportion of those enrolled who were the intended population was commensurate to the proportion with desired characteristics in those identified as potentially eligible. Conclusions: The grantees met or exceeded enrollments from their intended populations who have been underserved by quality cancer care into patient-centered intervention programs. Intentional application of recruitment/engagement strategies is needed to reach individuals from historically underserved communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)481-486
Number of pages6
JournalJNCCN Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2023
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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