Rapid localization of acoustic source using sensor clusters in 3D homogeneous and heterogeneous structures

Shenxin Yin, Huapan Xiao, Zhiwen Cui, Tribikram Kundu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The acoustic source localization in 3D structures is a challenging task especially if the structure is heterogeneous. A large number of unknown parameters in a 3D heterogeneous structure require a large number of sensor arrays for accurate source localization. In this article, a localization technique is proposed using triangular pyramid shaped sensor clusters. The time difference of arrival of acoustic signals between different sensors of the clusters is analyzed to localize the acoustic source. It uses acoustic wave propagation information to rapidly localize the acoustic source. This rapid acoustic source localization technique works well for both homogeneous and heterogeneous media. It considers the refraction in heterogeneous media using Snell’s law. The proposed technique is verified experimentally and numerically. The experimental results show that the technique is effective for source localization in 3D homogeneous structures. Numerical results are generated by finite element modeling for both homogeneous and heterogeneous structures. The results show the reliability of the proposed technique. This technique helps to localize the acoustic source with only a few sensors and is indispensable for monitoring large 3D structures with monitoring equipment that can handle only a few sensors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1145-1155
Number of pages11
JournalStructural Health Monitoring
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2021


  • Acoustic source localization
  • P-wave
  • time difference of arrival
  • wave propagation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Rapid localization of acoustic source using sensor clusters in 3D homogeneous and heterogeneous structures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this