Radiometric degradation curves for the ASTER VNIR processing using vicarious and lunar calibrations

Satoshi Tsuchida, Hirokazu Yamamoto, Toru Kouyama, Kenta Obata, Fumihiro Sakuma, Tetsushi Tachikawa, Akihide Kamei, Kohei Arai, Jeffrey S. Czapla-Myers, Stuart F. Biggar, Kurtis J. Thome

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) onboard Terra platform, which was launched in 1999, has three separate subsystems: a visible and near-infrared (VNIR) radiometer, a shortwave-infrared radiometer, and a thermal-infrared radiometer. The ASTER VNIR bands have been radiometrically corrected for approximately 14 years by the sensor degradation curves estimated from the onboard calibrator according to the original calibration plan. However, this calibration by the onboard calibrator encountered a problem; specifically, it is inconsistent with the results of vicarious calibration and cross calibration. Therefore, the ASTER VNIR processing was applied by the radiometric degradation curves calculated from the results of three calibration approaches, i.e., the onboard calibrator, the vicarious calibration, and the cross calibration since February 2014. Even though the current degradation curves were revised, the inter-band and lunar calibrations show some inconsistencies owing to the different traceability in the bands by different calibration approaches. In this study, the current degradation curves and their problems are explained, and the new curves that are derived from the vicarious calibration with lunar calibration are discussed. The new degradation curves that have the same traceability in the bands will be used for future ASTER VNIR processing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number427
JournalRemote Sensing
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020


  • Lunar calibration
  • Radiometric calibration
  • VNIR
  • Vicarious calibration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


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