Racial differences in mortality among elderly patients admitted for heart failure

Said A. Ibrahim, C. Francis Cook, C. Kent Kwoh, Gary E. Rosenthal, Richard J. Snow, Dwain L. Harper, David W. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Several studies have examined predictors of mortality among elderly patients hospitalized with heart failure. In some, elderly African American patients hospitalized for heart failure were reported to have lower risk-adjusted in-hospital mortality compared with Whites. Whether this difference is sustained in the long term and what factors account for this difference remain poorly understood. The objective of this study was to compare risk-adjusted short-term and long-term mortality of a cohort of elderly African American and White patients hospitalized for heart failure to all 30 hospitals in northeast Ohio. The database used for this analysis includes information on demographics and detailed clinical information abstracted from patients' hospital records. Crude and adjusted 30-day and 18-month survival were compared using Kaplan-Meier method and logistic regression models for multivariate analysis. African American patients had significantly lower 30-day mortality compared with Whites. However, this difference diminished over time and when adjusted for important explanatory covariates, including "do not resuscitate" orders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-472
Number of pages16
JournalResearch on Aging
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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