Racial and ethnic disparities in preoperative surgical wait time and renal cell carcinoma tumor characteristics

Eduardo Quinonez-Zanabria, Celina I. Valencia, Waheed Asif, Jiping Zeng, Ava C. Wong, Alejandro Cruz, Juan Chipollini, Benjamin R. Lee, Francine C. Gachupin, Chiu Hsieh Hsu, Ken Batai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Racial/ethnic minority groups have a disproportionate burden of kidney cancer. The objective of this study was to assess if race/ethnicity was associated with a longer surgical wait time (SWT) and upstaging in the pre-COVID-19 pandemic time with a special focus on Hispanic Americans (HAs) and American Indian/Alaska Natives (AIs/ANs). Medical records of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients who underwent nephrectomy between 2010 and 2020 were retrospectively reviewed (n = 489). Patients with a prior cancer diagnosis were excluded. SWT was defined as the date of diagnostic imaging examination to date of nephrectomy. Out of a total of 363 patients included, 34.2% were HAs and 8.3% were AIs/ANs. While 49.2% of HA patients experienced a longer SWT (≥90 days), 36.1% of Non-Hispanic White (NHW) patients experienced a longer SWT. Longer SWT had no statistically significant impact on tumor characteristics. Patients with public insurance coverage had increased odds of longer SWT (OR 2.89, 95% CI: 1.53–5.45). Public insurance coverage represented 66.1% HA and 70.0% AIs/ANs compared to 56.7% in NHWs. Compared to NHWs, HAs had higher odds for longer SWT in patients with early-stage RCC (OR, 2.38; 95% CI: 1.25–4.53). HAs (OR 2.24, 95% CI: 1.07–4.66) and AIs/ANs (OR 3.79, 95% CI: 1.32–10.88) had greater odds of upstaging compared to NHWs. While a delay in surgical care for early-stage RCC is safe in a general population, it may negatively impact high-risk populations, such as HAs who have a prolonged SWT or choose active surveillance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1183
JournalHealthcare (Switzerland)
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2021


  • American indians
  • Cancer health disparities
  • Latinos
  • Surgical disparities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Information Management
  • Health Policy
  • Health Informatics
  • Leadership and Management


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