Racial and ethnic disparities in abdominal aortic aneurysm evaluation and treatment rates in Texas

Neal R. Barshes, Deeksha Bidare, Panos Kougias, Joseph L. Mills, Scott A. LeMaire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Screening identifies intact abdominal aortic aneurysms (iAAAs) before progression to ruptured AAAs (rAAAs). However, screening efforts have been limited by the low overall diagnostic yield and unequal screening among minority populations. The goal of the present study was to identify equitable AAA screening strategies for both majority and minority populations. Methods: We performed epidemiologic and geospatial analyses of inpatient and outpatient procedures for iAAAs and rAAAs at Texas hospitals from 2006 through 2014 at all nonfederal hospitals and clinics in Texas. The data were aggregated by area (metropolitan statistical area vs rural region) and then supplemented by six additional data sources to estimate the AAA repair incidence rates, rates of AAA-related clinic and ultrasound visits, travel distance to providers, and the location and number of unrecognized AAAs. Results: Most AAA repairs had occurred among men aged 65 to 84 years and categorized as White in large metropolitan areas. The area procedure rates for rAAAs and iAAAs were strongly correlated (R2 = 0.47). Two other variables—the proportions of persons categorized as White and those aged ≥65 years in a region—identified subgroups within the majority population with a high risk of iAAAs (R2 = 0.46). Lower rates of clinic visits and AAA ultrasound scans were seen among persons categorized as Black. Several areas with disproportionately higher rAAA/iAAA repair ratios were found, mainly affecting persons categorized as Black. Conclusions: Multiple focused AAA screening strategies could be required to address the disproportionately lower AAA identification among persons categorized as Black.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of vascular surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • Disparities
  • Ruptured aneurysm
  • Screening
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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