Race-Ethnic Differences in the Effects of COVID-19 on the Work, Stress, and Financial Outcomes of Older Adults

Kendra Jason, Dawn Carr, Zhao Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: This study investigates race-ethnic differences among older non-Hispanic Black, non-Hispanic White, and Hispanic adults’ financial, employment, and stress consequences of COVID-19. Methods: We use data from the Health and Retirement Study, including the 2020 COVID-panel, to evaluate a sample of 2,929 adults using a combination of bivariate tests, OLS regression analysis, and moderation tests. Results: Hispanic and non-Hispanic Black older adults experienced more financial hardships, higher levels of COVID-19 stress, and higher rates of job loss associated with COVID-19 relative to their Non-Hispanic White counterparts. Non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic adults reported significantly higher levels of COVID-19 resilience resources, yet, these resources were not protective of the consequences of COVID-19. Discussion: Understanding how the experiences of managing and coping with COVID-19 stressors differ by race-ethnicity can better inform intervention design and support services.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)749-760
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume35
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2023

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • financial
  • psychological resilience
  • race
  • stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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