Race and ethnic variations in the education-control-distress model

Terrence D. Hill, Hilary H. Cook, Keith E. Whitfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Objective: Research shows that education favors mental health, in part, because it helps to develop a greater sense of control. To this point, however, it is unclear whether this process varies according to race and ethnicity. Methods: Building on previous research, we use data collected from a large probability sample of Texas adults to test the extent to which the education-control-distress (E-C-D) model varies across three race and ethnic groups, including whites, blacks, and Mexican Americans. Results: The results of our simple mediation analyses validate the E-C-D model for each race/ethnic group. Our moderated mediation analyses suggest that the indirect effect of education on psychological distress through the sense of control is comparable across race/ethnic groups. Conclusion: The mediating influence of the sense of control does not appear to vary according to the three race/ethnic groups included in the study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-285
Number of pages17
JournalSocial Science Quarterly
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)


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