Questions That Won't Go Away in Participatory Research

Jonathan W. Long, Heidi L. Ballard, Larry A. Fisher, Jill M. Belsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Ethical issues are intrinsic to conducting research regarding society and natural resources, but they often become poignant when engaging in Participatory Action Research. We compiled common and persistent challenges into a list of “Questions That Won't Go Away” or “QTWGAs” that are relevant to people interested in conducting participatory research to benefit communities. We discuss these questions in the context of previously published literature and share examples from the experience of graduate student Fellows who conducted research with various communities around the United States. The questions serve to stimulate ongoing reflection about the process of participatory research, which may help reconcile expectations and improve research outcomes for both practitioners and communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)250-263
Number of pages14
JournalSociety and Natural Resources
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016


  • North America
  • community-based research
  • participatory research
  • research ethics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science


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