Quantification of regional variations in glenoid trabecular bone architecture and mineralization using clinical computed tomography images

Bong Jae Jun, Amit Vasanji, Eric T. Ricchetti, Eric Rodriguez, Naveen Subhas, Zong Ming Li, Joseph P. Iannotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to demonstrate feasibility of a clinical CT imaging and analysis technique to quantify regional variations in trabecular bone architecture and mineralization of glenoid bones. Specifically, our objective was to determine to what extent clinical CT imaging of intact upper extremities can describe variations of trabecular bone architectures at anatomic and peri-implant regions by comparing trabecular bone architectures as measured by high-resolution, micro CT imaging of same excised glenoid bones. Bone volume fraction (BVF), trabecular bone thickness (TbTh), number of trabecular bone (TbN), spacing (TbS), pattern factor (TbPf), bone surface area (BSA), and skeletal connectivity (Conn.), in addition to bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD), were quantified from both clinical and micro CT images using whole bone, anatomic, and peri-implant bone masks. Strong correlations of BVF, TbTh, TbSp, BMC, and BMD were found between clinical CT and micro CT imaging methods. The variations in BVF, TbTh, TbSp, TbN, BMC, and BMD at anatomical and peri-implant regions were larger than those at whole bone regions. In this study, we have demonstrated that this clinical CT imaging methodology can be used to quantify variations of a patient's glenoid bone at anatomic and peri-implant levels. Statement of Clinical Significance. An in vivo quantitative assessment of glenoid trabecular bone architecture in the anatomic and peri-implant regions may improve our understanding on the role of bone quality on glenoid component loosening following total shoulder arthroplasty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-96
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • anatomic
  • clinical CT
  • glenoid trabecular bone architecture
  • micro CT
  • peri-implant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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