Purported anomalous perception in a highly skilled individual: Observations, interpretations, compassion

Gary E. Schwartz, Lonnie A. Nelson, Linda G. Russek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The purported ability of a seventeen-year-old female, investigated for seven years in China, to perceive information without using visual and kinesthetic cues, was studied. In one experiment, five letters from A to Z and five numbers from 0 to 100 were randomly selected by computer, written on small sheets of paper and individually folded and placed in a sealed envelope. The folded stimuli were removed one by one and placed into a cloth bag that was opaque to light; the bag was tied below the participant's right elbow. The participant was accurate for all ten trials. In a second experiment, three video cameras carefully monitored the participant's hand movements; in addition, both ends of the folded papers were sealed with clear tape. Careful analysis of the clear tape and the videotapes revealed evidence of practiced deception. Data were also collected from a 25-year-old graduate student and a 7-year-old child not employing a cloth bag. Their data suggest that deception is not necessarily involved in all cases of purported anomalous perception.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-316
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Scientific Exploration
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2003


  • Anomalous perception
  • Integrity
  • Intuition
  • Magic
  • Parapsychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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