OBJECTIVES: We sought to test the hypothesis that the pulse transmission coefficient (PTC) can serve as a nonhyperemic physiologic marker for the severity of coronary artery stenosis in humans. BACKGROUND: Coronary lesions may impair the transmission of pressure waves across a stenosis, potentially acting as a low-pass filter. The PTC is a novel nonhyperemic parameter that calculates the transmission of high-frequency components of the pressure signal through a stenosis. Thus, it may reflect the severity of the coronary artery stenosis. This study was designed to examine the correlation between PTC and fractional flow reserve (FFR) in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: Pressure signals were obtained by pressure guidewire in 56 lesions (49 patients) in the nonhyperemic state and were analyzed with a new algorithm that identifies the high-frequency components in the pressure signal. The PTC was calculated as the ratio between the distal and proximal high-frequency components of the pressure waveform across the lesion. The FFR measurements were assessed with intracoronary adenosine. RESULTS: There was a significant correlation between PTC and FFR (r = 0.81, p < 0.001). By using a receiver operating characteristic analysis, we identified a PTC < 0.60 (sensitivity 100%, specificity 98%) to be the optimal cutoff value for predicting an FFR < 0.75. CONCLUSIONS: Pulse transmission coefficient is a novel nonhyperemic parameter for the physiologic assessment of coronary artery stenoses. It correlates significantly with FFR and may predict an FFR < 0.75 with high accuracy. Pulse transmission coefficient may be useful as an adjunct measurement to FFR, especially in patients with microcirculatory disease and impaired maximal hyperemia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine