Psychometric evaluation of the brief acculturation scale for hispanics

Sarah D. Mills, Vanessa L. Malcarne, Rina S. Fox, Georgia Robins Sadler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


This study examined the psychometric properties of the Brief Acculturation Scale for Hispanics (BASH), a four-item, language-based measure of acculturation. Participants in the study were 435 Hispanic Americans from a large metropolitan area with English or Spanish language preference. Internal consistency reliability was strong in both language-preference groups. Multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the structural validity of the measure. A unidimensional factor structure was found for both English and Spanish language-preference groups and items loaded equivalently across groups, demonstrating measurement invariance. The BASH had good convergent validity and incremental validity. Overall, this study provides further evidence that the BASH offers a brief, reliable, and valid measure of acculturation to be used among Hispanic Americans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)164-174
Number of pages11
JournalHispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Acculturation
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Measurement
  • Multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology
  • Linguistics and Language


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