Proximal sensing of land surface temperature

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The land surface temperature (LST) governs the radiative energy budget of the Earth's surface and thus is one of the main input variables for land-surface models aimed at the estimation of soil moisture and evapotranspiration, monitoring of drought conditions and crop development, mitigation of urban heat islands, quantifying soil, vegetation, and whole ecosystem response to climate change, simulating hydrological processes, and forecasting of extreme climate events (i.e., drought, wildfires, and flooding). Because the LST affects a wide range of physical, chemical, and biological soil processes from the local to the global scales, and because of its significant spatiotemporal variations, advanced methods for measurement of the LST are of essence. Proximal sensing techniques based on thermal infrared imaging or passive microwaves are powerful means for LST determination. In this Chapter we present state-of-the-art proximal LST sensing techniques, discuss the underlying theories and algorithms, and provide examples for the application of LST information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Soils in the Environment, Second Edition
ISBN (Electronic)9780128229743
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023


  • Brightness temperature
  • Drought stress
  • Evapotranspiration
  • Land surface temperature
  • Microwave radiometry
  • Plant canopy temperature
  • Proximal sensing
  • Proximal thermal infrared sensing
  • Soil moisture
  • Soil surface temperature
  • Thermal radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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