Protection in the failing heart

Irving L. Kron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Myocardial protection for surgical procedures on the failing heart can be broken down into three areas. The first area involves selection of the appropriate patient with enough myocardial viability and contractile reserve to permit a substantial cross-clamp time. Secondly, there should be adequate targets to revascularize or adequate tissue for reparative surgery. Thirdly, and most importantly, antegrade and retrograde blood cardioplegia given in sufficient amounts to satisfy myocardial oxygen needs is of prime importance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1971-1973
Number of pages3
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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