Prospect of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein: Potential role in vaccine and therapeutic development

Subodh Kumar Samrat, Anil M. Tharappel, Zhong Li, Hongmin Li

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

The recent outbreak of the betacoronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has become a significant concern to public health care worldwide. As of August 19, 2020, more than 22,140,472 people are infected, and over 781,135 people have died due to this deadly virus. In the USA alone, over 5,482,602 people are currently infected, and more than 171,823 people have died. SARS-CoV-2 has shown a higher infectivity rate and a more extended incubation period as compared to previous coronaviruses. SARS-CoV-2 binds much more strongly than SARS-CoV to the same host receptor, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). Previously, several methods to develop a vaccine against SARS-CoV or MERS-CoV have been tried with limited success. Since SARS-CoV-2 uses the spike (S) protein for entry to the host cell, it is one of the most preferred targets for making vaccines or therapeutics against SARS-CoV-2. In this review, we have summarised the characteristics of the S protein, as well as the different approaches being used for the development of vaccines and/or therapeutics based on the S protein.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number198141
JournalVirus Research
Volume288
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Spike protein
  • Therapeutic
  • Vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Cancer Research

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