We have genetically engineered CD4+ and CD8+ T cells with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) specificity by inserting a gene, CD4ζ, containing the extracellular domain of human CD4 (which binds HIV env) linked to the zeta (ζ) chain of the T-cell receptor (which mediates T-cell activation). Twenty-four HIV-positive subjects received a single infusion of 2 to 3 x 1010 autologous CD4ζ-modified CD4+ and CD8+ T cells administered with (n = 11) or without (n = 13) interleukin-2 (IL-2). Subjects had CD4 counts greater than 50/μL and viral loads of at least 1000 copies/mL at entry. T cells were costimulated ex vivo through CD3 and CD28 and expanded for approximately 2 weeks. CD4ζ was detected in 1% to 3% of blood mononuclear cells at 8 weeks and 0.1% at 1 year after infusion, and survival was not enhanced by IL-2. Trafficking of gene modified T cells to bulk rectal tissue and/or isolated lamina propria lymphocytes was documented in a subset of 5 of 5 patients at 14 days and 2 of 3 at 1 year. A greater than 0.5 log mean decrease in rectal tissue-associated HIV RNA was observed for at least 14 days, suggesting compartmental antiviral activity of CD4ζ T Cells. CD4+ counts increased by 73/μL at 8 weeks in the group receiving IL-2. There was no significant mean change in plasma HIV RNA or blood proviral DNA in either treatment arm. This sustained, high-level persistence of gene-modified T cells demonstrates the feasibility of ex vivo T-cell gene therapy in HIV- infected adults and suggests the importance of providing HIV-specific T- helper function. (C) 2000 by The American Society of Hematology.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Aug 1 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology