Projected rainfall erosivity changes under climate change from multimodel and multiscenario projections in Northeast China

Y. G. Zhang, M. A. Nearing, X. C. Zhang, Y. Xie, H. Wei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations

Abstract

Future changes in precipitation will induce changes in the erosive power of rainfall and hence changes in soil erosion rates. In this study we calculated downscaled mean annual precipitation and USLE rainfall erosivity (R) for time periods 2030 through 2059 and 2070 through 2099 in Northeast China using future precipitation predicted from six GCM models under three emissions scenarios. To accomplish this we created a new approach wherein we combined the well evaluated methods developed by Zhang (2005, 2007) for downscaling monthly precipitation products at time scales meaningful for modeling erosion processes, and the validated method developed by Yu (2002, 2003) for using a weather generator (CLIGEN) to generate accurate RUSLE erosivity factors. Changes were compared to 1960 through 1999 conditions. A stochastic weather generator (CLIGEN) calibrated to precipitation for the period 1960 through 1999 was used to temporally downscale the GCM output, from which the future R values were calculated. Our results suggested a general increase in erosivity over the region by the mid-21st century. Changes in rainfall erosivity under the higher greenhouse gas emissions scenarios, A1B and A2, exhibited the greatest projected changes. The results also indicated that changes in total annual rainfall amounts were not uniformly correspondent spatially to changes in erosivity. Multimodel means showed a generally larger increase in the northern portion of the region than that in the southern part. Future rainfall erosivity changes will have important impacts on soil and water resources in Northeastern China.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-106
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Hydrology
Volume384
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CLIGEN
  • Climate change
  • GCM
  • Rainfall erosivity
  • Soil erosion
  • Universal Soil Loss Equation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology

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