Profiling carotenoid and sugar contents in unique Cucumis melo L. cultigens harvested from different climatic regions of the United States

Jashbir Singh, Rita Metrani, G. K. Jayaprakasha, Kevin M. Crosby, John L. Jifon, Sadhana Ravishankar, Paul Brierley, Daniel L. Leskovar, Thomas A. Turini, Jonathan Schultheis, Timothy Coolong, Wenjing Guan, Bhimanagouda S. Patil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The sensory and functional quality attributes of muskmelons (Cucumis melo L.), such as flavor, sweetness, color, and texture, determine consumer preferences. Genetic makeup primarily regulates these traits, but environmental factors such as soil type, irrigation, and temperature affects yields and quality. Here, we investigated variation in quality traits of diverse melon cultigens (advanced breeding lines or cultigen) grown in multiple locations (California, Texas, Georgia, Arizona, and North Carolina) across the United States. Mesocarp sugar and carotenoid concentrations varied significantly as a function of production location and cultigen. Multivariate analyses revealed significant cultigen, location, and interactive effects on fruit quality. The highest sugar content was found in a honeydew melon cultigen (HD-150; 83.1 ± 2.36 mg/g) grown in Georgia and the Western Shipper type cantaloupe (F-39; 70.8 ± 2.85 mg/g) grown in North Carolina compared to the other cultigens. The Tuscan type (Da Vinci) grown in Texas and Georgia had the highest β-carotene contents (29.1 ± 3.37 and 33.6 ± 1.73 μg/g, respectively) compared to the other cultigens. These findings suggest that cultivar and location significantly influenced melon phytochemical composition, will help melon breeding programs improve the sensory and functional qualities of melons and identify suitable cultivars for specific environments to maximize fruit quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104306
JournalJournal of Food Composition and Analysis
Volume106
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Carotenoids
  • Growing location
  • Melon
  • Multivariate analysis
  • Sugar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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