Problems and possible solutions for interventions among children and adolescents

Tom Baranowski, Janice Baranowski, Karen Cullen, Melanie Hingle, Sheryl Hughes, Russell Jago, Tracey Ledoux, Jason Mendoza, Tuan T. Nguyen, Teresia O'Connor, Deborah Thompson, Kathleen Watson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


This chapter provides an overview of childhood obesity causes and discusses the efficacy of potential preventive interventions. Interventions for obesity prevention generally have had no or limited effects with no obvious patterns in findings to guide program development. The chapter assumes imbalances in dietary intake and physical activity account for most of the problem. To elucidate the problems in obesity prevention research, the Mediating Moderating Variable Model (MMVM) is used to deconstruct the variables and pathways from intervention design to change in adiposity, and thereby elucidate problems at each step in intervention design, implementation, and evaluation. As more is learned about these causal pathways, intervention protocols may be developed that offer different or different intensity interventions to subgroups that may need different procedures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationChildhood Obesity Prevention
Subtitle of host publicationInternational Research, Controversies and Interventions
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780191595110
ISBN (Print)9780199572915
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011


  • Children
  • Health promotion
  • Intervention
  • MMVM
  • Mediating moderating variable model
  • Model
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • Physical activity
  • USA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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