Probing the terminator region atmosphere of the hot-jupiter xo-1b with transmission spectroscopy

G. Tinetti, P. Deroo, M. R. Swain, C. A. Griffith, G. Vasisht, L. R. Brown, C. Burke, P. McCullough

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations


We report here the first infrared spectrum of the hot-Jupiter XO-1b. The observations were obtained with the NICMOS instrument on board the Hubble Space Telescope during a primary eclipse of the XO-1 system. Near photon-noise-limited spectroscopy between 1.2 and 1.8 μm allows us to determine the main composition of this hot-Jupiter's planetary atmosphere with good precision. This is the third hot-Jupiter's atmosphere for which spectroscopic data are available in the near-IR. The spectrum shows the presence of water vapor (H 2O), methane (CH4), and carbon dioxide (CO2), and suggests the possible presence of carbon monoxide (CO). We show that the published IRAC secondary transit emission photometric data are compatible with the atmospheric composition at the terminator determined from the NICMOS spectrum, with a range of possible mixing ratios and thermal profiles; additional emission spectroscopy data are needed to reduce the degeneracy of the possible solutions. Finally, we note the similarity between the 1.2-1.8 μm transmission spectra of XO-1b and HD 209458b, suggesting that in addition to having similar stellar/orbital and planetary parameters the two systems may also have a similar exoplanetary atmospheric composition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L139-L142
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Issue number2 PART 2
StatePublished - 2010


  • Planetary systems
  • Techniques: spectroscopic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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