Principles and guidelines for social impact assessment in the USA

Rabel J. Burdge, Susan Chamley, Michael Downs, Kurt Finsterbusch, Bill Freudenburg, Peter Fricke, Bob Gramling, Michael Smith, Brenda C. Kragh, Richard Stoffle, James G. Thompson, Gary Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

122 Scopus citations


The 2003 version of Principles and Guidelines for Social Impact Assessment (SIA) in the USA provides guidance for the conduct of SIA within the context of the US National Environmental Policy Act of 1970. Guidelines are integrated within six principles focusing on: understanding of local and regional settings; dealing with the key elements of the human environment; using appropriate methods and assumptions; providing quality information for decision making; ensuring that environmental justice issues are addressed; and establishing mechanisms for evaluation/monitoring and mitigation. A social impact assessment model is outlined followed by suggested social impact assessment variables. The document concludes with the detailed steps in the SIA process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-250
Number of pages20
JournalImpact Assessment and Project Appraisal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2003


  • Guidelines
  • Principles
  • SIA model
  • SIA variables
  • Social impact assessment
  • Steps

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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