Predictors of pulmonary exacerbation treatment in cystic fibrosis

Don B. Sanders, Joshua S. Ostrenga, Margaret Rosenfeld, Aliza K. Fink, Michael S. Schechter, Gregory S. Sawicki, Patrick A. Flume, Wayne J. Morgan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Background: Most studies of pulmonary exacerbations (PEx) in cystic fibrosis (CF) focus on intravenous (IV)-treated PEx, though most PEx are treated with oral antibiotics. Our objectives were to describe predictors of antibiotic choice and outcomes for PEx initially identified in clinic. Methods: For each patient in the U.S. CF Foundation Patient Registry, we selected the first PEx recorded at a clinic visit in 2013–14 following a clinic visit without a PEx. We used multivariable logistic regression to determine associations between clinical characteristics and antibiotic treatment choice. We determined outcomes in the 90 days after the first PEx. Results: Among 14,265 patients with a PEx initially identified in clinic, 21.4% received no antibiotics, 61.5% received new oral and/or inhaled antibiotics, and 17.0% had IV antibiotics within 14 days. Compared to IV antibiotics, patients more likely to receive new oral and/or inhaled antibiotics: were male, <13 years old, had BMI >10th percentile or 18.5 kg/m2, >90 days between clinic visits, FEV1 > 70% predicted at the PEx, no prior-year IV-treated PEx, FEV1 decline <10% predicted, and private insurance. Following the PEx, 30.3% of patients had no clinical encounters within 90 days. Treatment with IV antibiotics within 90 days occurred for 23.7% treated without antibiotics, 22.8% of new oral and/or inhaled antibiotics, and 27.1% of IV antibiotics. Conclusion: Most PEx identified in clinic are treated with new oral and/or inhaled antibiotics. Markers of disease severity are associated with antibiotic treatment choice. Many patients had no follow-up evaluation within 90 days of treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407-414
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cystic Fibrosis
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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