Predictive value of global longitudinal strain by left ventricular ejection fraction

Diego Medvedofsky, Genevieve Arany-Lao-Kan, Scott McNitt, Roberto M. Lang, Roderick Tung, Scott D. Solomon, Bela Merkely, Ilan Goldenberg, Valentina Kutyifa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The predictive value of left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal strain (GLS) to predict outcomes in different left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) cohorts is not well known. We aimed to assess the role of LV GLS predicting outcomes in HF patients by LVEF. Methods: In the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (MADIT-CRT), we studied 1077 patients (59%) with 2D speckle tracking data available, 437 patients with LVEF > 30% and 640 with LVEF ≤ 30%. Baseline LV GLS was stratified in tertiles in both LVEF subgroups. The primary endpoint was ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF) or death; the secondary endpoint was heart failure (HF) or death. Results: In patients with LVEF ≤ 30%, a higher tertile GLS (T3, less contractility) was associated with a higher rate of VT/VF/death (P < 0.001), with similar association in patients with LVEF > 30% (P = 0.057). In patients with LVEF ≤ 30%, a higher tertile GLS was also associated with a higher rate of HF/death. In multivariable models, LV GLS predicted VT/VF or death in the LVEF ≤ 30% subgroup [T1 vs. T2/3 HR = 1.67 (1.16–2.38), P = 0.005], but not in those with LVEF > 30% [T1 vs. T2.3 HR = 1.32 (0.86–2.04), P = 0.21]. LV GLS predicted HF/death in the LVEF ≤ 30% subgroup [T1 vs T2/3 HR = 2.00 (1.30–3.13), P = 0.002], but not in in those with LVEF > 30%. Conclusions: In this MADIT-CRT sub-study, LV GLS identified patients at higher risk of VT/VF, HF/death risk independently of conventional clinical parameters in patients with LVEF ≤ 30%, but not in patients with LVEF > 30%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1937-1947
Number of pages11
JournalESC Heart Failure
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Clinical outcomes
  • Ejection fraction
  • Global longitudinal strain
  • Left ventricular function
  • Ventricular arrhythmias

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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