Predicting the need for tracheostomy in trauma patients without severe head injury

Kartik Prabhakaran, Asad Azim, Muhammad Khan, Faisal Jehan, James Feeney, Patrice Anderson, Anthony Policastro, Rifat Latifi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Early tracheostomy is recommended in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI); however, predicting the timing of tracheostomy in trauma patients without severe TBI can be challenging. Methods: A one year retrospective analysis of all trauma patients who were admitted to intensive Care Unit for > 7 days was performed, using the ACS-TQIP database. Univariate and Multivariate regression analyses were performed to assess the appropriate weight of each factor in determining the eventual need for early tracheostomy. Results: A total of 21,663 trauma patients who met inclusion and exclusion criteria were identified. Overall, tracheostomy was performed in 18.3% of patients. On multivariate regression analysis age >70, flail chest, major operative intervention, ventilator days >5 days and underlying COPD were independently associated with need of tracheostomy. Based on these data, we developed a scoring system to predict risk for requiring tracheostomy. Conclusion: Age >70, presence of flail chest, need for major operative intervention, ventilator days >5 and underlying COPD are independent predictors of need for tracheostomy in trauma patients without severe TBI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)495-498
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume220
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Scoring system
  • TQIP
  • Tracheostomy
  • Trauma
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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