Predicting dyslexia at age 11 from a risk index questionnaire at age 5

Turid Helland, Elena Plante, Kenneth Hugdahl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


This study focused on predicting dyslexia in children ahead of formal literacy training. Because dyslexia is a constitutional impairment, risk factors should be seen in preschool. It was hypothesized that data gathered at age 5 using questions targeting the dyslexia endophenotype should be reliable and valid predictors of dyslexia at age 11. A questionnaire was given to caretakers of 120 5-year-old children, and a risk index score was calculated based on questions regarding health, laterality, motor skills, language, special needs education and heredity. An at-risk group (n = 25) and matched controls (n = 24) were followed until age 11, when a similar questionnaire and literacy tests were administered to the children who participated in the follow-up study (22 at risk and 20 control). Half of the at-risk children and two of the control children at age 5 were identified as having dyslexia at age 11 (8 girls and 5 boys). It is concluded that it is possible to identify children at the age of 5 who will have dyslexia at the age of 11 through a questionnaire approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-226
Number of pages20
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2011


  • at risk
  • dyslexia
  • preschoolers
  • questionnaire screening
  • school children

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Predicting dyslexia at age 11 from a risk index questionnaire at age 5'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this