Precipitation estimation from remotely sensed information using artificial neural networks

Kou Lin Hsu, Xiaogang Gao, Soroosh Sorooshian, Hoshin V. Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

892 Scopus citations


A system for Precipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed Information using Artificial Neural Networks (PERSIANN) is under development at The University of Arizona. The current core of this system is an adaptive Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model that estimates rainfall rates using infrared satellite imagery and ground-surface information. The model was initially calibrated over the Japanese Islands using remotely sensed infrared data collected by the Geostationary Meteorological Satellite (GMS) and ground-based data collected by the Automated Meteorological Data Acquisition System (AMeDAS). The model was then validated for both the Japanese Islands (using GMS and AMeDAS data) and the Florida peninsula (using GOES-8 and NEXRAD data). An adaptive procedure is used to recursively update the network parameters when ground-based data are available. This feature dramatically improves the estimation performance in response to the diverse precipitation characteristics of different geographical regions and time of year. The model can also be successfully updated using only spatially and/or temporally limited observation data such as ground-based rainfall measurements. Another important feature is a procedure that provides insights into the functional relationships between the input variables and output rainfall rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1176-1190
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Applied Meteorology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science


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