Objective: Accurate pre-operative image localization is critical in the selection of minimally invasive parathyroidectomy as a surgical treatment approach in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). Sestamibi scan, ultrasound, computed tomography, and conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has varying accuracy in localizing parathyroid adenoma (PTA). Our group has previously shown that four-dimensional (4D) MRI is more accurate than conventional imaging in identifying single adenomas. In this study, we set out to determine if it is possible to accurately localize the quadrant of the adenoma using 4D MRI. Methods: We analyzed and matched the quadrants of PTA identified by pre-operative 4D-MRI with the operative findings during parathyroidectomy for PHPT at our institution during the study period. All resections were confirmed to be successful with an adequate decrease in intraoperative parathyroid hormone as defined by the Miami criterion. Results: A total of 26 patients with PHPT underwent pre-operative localization with the 4D MRI parathyroid protocol. Fourteen patients had true single-gland adenoma (SGA) and 12 patients had multi-gland disease (MGD). 4D MRI accurately identified all the SGA. Using this method, we were also able to localize the adenoma in the correct quadrant in 14 of the 18 patients with SGA. All 3 double adenomas were accurately identified using 4D MRI; however, MGD was only accurately identified 67% of the time. The 4D MRI had an overall 85% accuracy in distinguishing SGA from MGD. Conclusion: 4D MRI accurately identified single and double adenomas in their respective quadrants. However, accuracy was lower with MGD.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism