Practical limits on up-gradient crystallization

S. J. Kim, D. P. Birnie, B. J.J. Zelinski, D. R. Uhlmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The kinetic processes relevant to up-gradient crystallization are analyzed in detail. Crystallization occurs upon moving an amorphous sample up through a temperature gradient which is the reverse of traditional crystallization from the melt. Both nucleation and growth processes are important to the present technique. To obtain a highly oriented microstructure, bulk nucleation must be prevented. Generally, a liquid with small nucleation rate and large crystal growth rate is favorable for the present route. The model was tested for the lithium diborate glass system, which yielded a highly oriented microstructure with only isolated additional nucleation events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-300
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 2 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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