Power and empowerment in outdoor environmental education programs

Jan Činčera, Petra Šimonová, Bruce Johnson, Roman Kroufek

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Student empowerment as an outcome of outdoor environmental education programs is connected with the question of who has control over these programs. In this chapter, we analyze how power is distributed among program designers, leaders, participating students, and accompanying teachers. We show that no model of dealing with the dynamic relationships among these program stakeholders can be considered wrong per se but that each brings with it particular implications for the other aspects of program design and implementation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationReal World Learning in Outdoor Environmental Education Programs
Subtitle of host publicationThe Practice from the Perspective of Educational Research
PublisherMasaryk University
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9788021097582
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • General Environmental Science


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