Potentially toxic elements (PTEs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in fish and prawn in the Persian Gulf, Iran

Naghmeh Soltani, Farid Moore, Behnam Keshavarzi, Armin Sorooshian, Reza Javid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


This study aimed to speciate and quantify potentially toxic elements (PTEs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), in addition to estimate potential human health risk of PTEs (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Se, V, and Zn) through the consumption of three edible fish species (Leuciscus vorax, Liza abu, and Coptodon zillii) and two prawn species (Metapenaeus affinis and Penaeus semisulcatus) collected from Arvand River and Musa Estuary in the Persian Gulf. The concentration of As in prawn species exceeded permissible limit set by international organizations. PAHs were dominated by low molecular weight species such as naphthalene, phenanthrene, and, fluorene but generally exhibited low mean concentrations in fish and prawn samples. The human health hazard posed by PTEs was assessed using methods that consider estimated daily intake (EDI), estimated weekly intake (EWI), target hazard quotients (THQ), and combined THQ. The results suggested that elevated As concentrations in almost all prawn samples may pose a probable health hazard to local inhabitants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-265
Number of pages15
JournalEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
StatePublished - May 30 2019


  • Fish
  • Human health risk assessment
  • Persian Gulf
  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
  • Potentially toxic element
  • Prawn

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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