Potentially toxic elements and microplastics in muscle tissues of different marine species from the Persian Gulf: Levels, associated risks, and trophic transfer

Azam Ahmadi, Farid Moore, Behnam Keshavarzi, Naghmeh Soltani, Armin Sorooshian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Selected potentially toxic elements (PTEs), including As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, Se, and Zn, along with microplastic particles (MPs) were characterized in the muscle of seafood species in order to study potential health risk and also investigate biomagnification of the contaminants. The results revealed high levels of the analyzed PTEs and MPs in crustaceans. The cancer risk among the consumer population (adult and children) posed by As is higher than the acceptable lifetime risk of 10−4. Portunus plagicus and Platycephalus indicus had the highest and lowest amount of MP particles in their muscles, respectively, among investigated species. Finally, PTEs (except Hg) and MPs are not biomagnified in the collected species. The results of this research emphasize the importance of accounting for health risks posed by potential pollutants via consumption of contaminated seafood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number113283
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume175
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Marine species
  • Microplastic
  • Persian Gulf
  • Potential toxic element
  • Seafood safety
  • Trophic transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Pollution

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