Posttraumatic stress disorder: Understanding the psychosocial impact of surviving childhood cancer into young adulthood

Mary T. Rourke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Little research has been done to explore how the psychological symptoms of child and adolescent cancer survivors change in the decades following successful treatment. This article examines these changes with a focus on the utility of a posttraumatic stress framework for understanding the long-term coping issues that individuals face as they mature and make transitions to young adulthood. First, the literature supporting the use of a posttraumatic stress framework in child and adolescent survivors is reviewed. Developmental contributions to changes and increases in posttraumatic symptomatology during young adulthood are then discussed and posttraumatic symptoms most often seen in this group are presented. Preliminary research with young adult survivors is also reviewed and discussed as support for a posttraumatic stress framework with this population. Ongoing research efforts aimed at elaborating on this framework are described. Finally, clinical implications for health care providers are explored, and guidelines for assessing the impact of posttraumatic stress on young adults' use of health care resources are offered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-135
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics
  • Oncology(nursing)

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