Following intravenous infusion of somatostatin in vivo occasionally there is a large rebound overshoot of insulin release. An in vitro model to simulate this phenomenon was made by perfusing rat pancreas with gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) during simultaneous perfusion with somatostatin. Adding GIP (100 ng/ml) to the perfusate for 2 minutes beginning either 3 or 9 minutes before terminating the somatostatin perfusion produced a large overshoot in insulin release. The magnitude of overshoot was greater when medium contained 300 mg/dl glucose that when it contained 150 mg/dl glucose. Perfusion with GIP for 2 minutes beginning 9 minutes before increasing the glucose concentration of the medium from 30 to 300 mg/dl elicited a large increase in both the acute and second-phase release of insulin. These suggest that post-inhibitory overshoot of insulin release after somatostatin may be produces in vitro by the suppressed action of stimulatory hormones such as GIP. Prior infusion with GIP can also potentiate glucose-stimulated insulin increase.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)