Porous Ion Exchange Polymer Matrix for Ultrasmall Au Nanoparticle-Decorated Carbon Nanotube Chemiresistors

Won Tae Koo, Yoonseob Kim, Suchol Savagatrup, Bora Yoon, Intak Jeon, Seon Jin Choi, Il Doo Kim, Timothy M. Swager

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are recognized as versatile materials for the formation of chemiresistive sensors. However, imparting high sensitivity and selectivity to SWCNTs remains a major challenge. Herein, we report a new sensory system that interfaces SWCNTs and catalytic metal nanoparticles (NPs) in a film of a porous ion exchange polymer to produce sensitive and selective sensors. The porous polymer films are based on imidazolium-functionalized triptycene polyether sulfone, and the environment created by this polymer results in the formation of ultrasmall (<5 nm) Au NPs. The polymer serves to suppress the growth of Au NPs while maintaining gas transport. The size control promotes strong interactions between Au NPs and carbon monoxide (CO), and this composition produces a robust, sensitive, and selective CO chemiresistive sensor. We further demonstrate that the modulation of a gate voltage in chemical field-effect transistor sensing devices enhances the performance by promoting the activity of Au NPs. The sensors display an increase of CO response at room temperature in air under the negative gate voltage. Our results demonstrate that the combination of a porous ion exchange matrix, NPs, and gate voltage-modulated chemiresistors can be synergistically tuned to create sensitive and selective sensors for target analytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5413-5420
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume31
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 13 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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