Polymorphic variant Asp239Tyr of human DNA glycosylase NTHL1 is inactive for removal of a variety of oxidatively-induced DNA base lesions from genomic DNA

Melis Kant, Victoria Quintana, Erdem Coskun, Pawel Jaruga, R. Stephen Lloyd, Joann B. Sweasy, Miral Dizdaroglu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Base excision repair is the major pathway for the repair of oxidatively-induced DNA damage, with DNA glycosylases removing modified bases in the first step. Human NTHL1 is specific for excision of several pyrimidine- and purine-derived lesions from DNA, with loss of function NTHL1 showing a predisposition to carcinogenesis. A rare single nucleotide polymorphism of the Nthl1 gene leading to the substitution of Asp239 with Tyr within the active site, occurs within global populations. In this work, we overexpressed and purified the variant NTHL1-Asp239Tyr (NTHL1-D239Y) and determined the substrate specificity of this variant relative to wild-type NTHL1 using gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry with isotope-dilution, and oxidatively-damaged genomic DNA containing multiple pyrimidine- and purine-derived lesions. Wild-type NTHL1 excised seven DNA base lesions with different efficiencies, whereas NTHL1-D239Y exhibited no glycosylase activity for any of these lesions. We also measured the activities of human glycosylases OGG1 and NEIL1, and E. coli glycosylases Nth and Fpg under identical experimental conditions. Different substrate specificities among these DNA glycosylases were observed. When mixed with NTHL1-D239Y, the activity of NTHL1 was not reduced, indicating no substrate binding competition. These results and the inactivity of the variant D239Y toward the major oxidatively-induced DNA lesions points to the importance of the understanding of this variant's role in carcinogenesis and the potential of individual susceptibility to cancer in individuals carrying this variant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103372
JournalDNA Repair
Volume117
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 1NTHL1-Asp239Tyr
  • DNA damage
  • Formamidopyrimidines
  • NTHL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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