Point-of-Care Ultrasound Work Flow Innovation: Impact on Documentation and Billing: Impact

Matthew J. Flannigan, Srikar Adhikari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Objectives: To evaluate the impact that an innovative automated ultrasound (US) work flow, which allows for bedside performance of examination documentation and order placement, has on point-of-care US billing compared to ordering US examinations through an electronic medical record. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of point-of-care US billing data (March 2014-February 2016) for adult and pediatric emergency departments with an emergency medicine residency and a US fellowship. An innovative work flow with the ability to automate US billing and selectively transfer the images and reports for patient care examinations to an electronic medical record and picture archiving and communication system using the QPath US work flow solution (Telexy Healthcare, Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada) was implemented. The total number of examinations billed and percent increase in technical and professional revenue, excluding examinations performed by US fellows, before and after implementation of the automated work flow innovation were determined. Results: After implementation of our automated US work flow process, the number of patient care US examinations billed increased significantly due to completing documentation and immediate billing determination at the bedside. The increase in percent billing relative to total examinations was noted in both technical (32% to 61%; P <.0001) and professional (37% to 65%; P <.0001) billing components. In addition, there was a net increase in technical and professional fee revenue to 96% and 78%, respectively. Conclusions: The implementation of an innovative automated work flow to include bedside point-of-care US documentation, order placement, and the automated transfer of images and reports led to a significant increase in US billing revenue, documentation, and compliance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2467-2474
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Ultrasound in Medicine
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2017


  • QPath
  • documentation compliance
  • emergency department
  • financial impact
  • point-of-care ultrasound
  • work flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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