PMS after 40: Persistence of a Stress-Related Symptom Pattern

Nancy Fugate Woods, Martha Lentz, Ellen Sullivan Mitchell, Margaret Heitkemper, Joan Shaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to compare women over 40 years of age with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) to women with a low-severity (LS) symptom pattern with respect to physiologic indicators of stress arousal and response, stress hormone arousal, stressful life circumstances anger, self- and social control, and interpersonal sensitivity. Women with PMS experienced more negative life events, more difficulty with anger, and more concerns about self-and social control, than women with an LS pattern. These experiences were coupled with increased physiologic arousal and stress responses (skin conductance and muscle tension levels) and relatively higher norepinephrine levels than for women with an LS pattern, but with dampened cardiovascular responses to stressors. As they age, women with a PMS symptom pattern demonstrate persistent differences in stress arousal and response from women with an LS pattern.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-340
Number of pages12
JournalResearch in Nursing and Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1997


  • Anger
  • Cardiovascular
  • Catecholamines
  • Premenstrual syndrome
  • Stress response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'PMS after 40: Persistence of a Stress-Related Symptom Pattern'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this