Physiological bases of the synchronized population spikes and slow wave of the magnetic field generated by a guinea-pig longitudinal CA3 slice preparation

Jie Wu, Yoshio C. Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The physiological bases of evoked magnetic fields were examined in a guinea-pig hippocampal slice preparation, motivated by new concepts in central nervous system (CNS) electrophysiology brought about by discoveries of active conductances in the dendrites and soma of neurons. Methods: Their origins were elucidated by comparing them with intracellular and extracellular field potentials. Results: With excitatory synaptic transmissions blocked, the magnetic signal elicited by an electrical stimulus applied to the pyramidal cell layer consisted of a spike and a depolarizing afterpotential-like waveform. With the excitatory synaptic transmissions intact, but with inhibitory synaptic transmissions blocked, the magnetic signal was bi- or triphasic depending on whether the cell layer or the apical dendrite area of the pyramidal cells was, respectively, depolarized. In both cases the signal consisted of a train of synchronized population spikes superimposed on a brief wave followed by a longer, slow wave. The spike train was correlated with synaptically mediated intracellular spikes. The underlying currents for the slow wave were directed from the apical to the basal side for both types of stimulation. It was most likely generated by depolarization of the apical dendrites, caused by recurrent excitatory synaptic activation. Conclusions: This analysis illustrates how synaptic connections and intrinsic conductances in a disinhibited mammalian CNS structure can generate spikes and waves of the magnetic field and electrical potential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-373
Number of pages13
JournalElectroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology
Volume107
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • α-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid
  • Biomagnetism
  • Electroencephalography
  • Evoked potential
  • Hippocampus
  • Ligand-gated channels
  • Magnetoencephalography
  • N-Methyl-D- aspartate
  • Voltage-sensitive conductances

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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