A pedagogical review of fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and double inversion recovery (DIR) imaging is conducted in this article. The basics of the two pulse sequences are first described, including the details of the inversion preparation and imaging sequences with accompanying mathematical formulae for choosing the inversion time in a variety of scenarios for use on clinical MRI scanners. Magnetization preparation (or T2prep), a strategy for improving image signal-to-noise ratio and contrast and reducing T1 weighting at high field strengths, is also described. Lastly, image artifacts commonly associated with FLAIR and DIR are described with clinical examples, to help avoid misdiagnosis. Level of Evidence: 5. Technical Efficacy: Stage 2. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2017;46:1590–1600.
- inversion recovery
- physics for clinicians
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging